Golf Biomechanics: 5 Surprising Facts You'd Want To Know

Every golfer has plenty of moving parts. The secret is to get those parts moving in sync. so that they help not hinder your game. That is a matter of tuition and practise but it pays to understand what you are trying to teach your mind and body and why you are doing it. In many ways this applies to every single sport but in the case of golf it is arguably different because in every case it is a matter of hitting a static object correctly rather than reacting to movement such as applies to soccer, tennis or cricket.

Biomechanics actually applies to the simple act of walking though that comes naturally to everyone. It is the science of movement whereby patterns can develop that minimise stress on joints and ultimately injury. When applied to golf it is generally in search of creating good club head speed and therefore distance; it has a start point after which other parts follow.


  1. The components of a golf swing are the hips, legs, shoulders, arms and the club. The latter is the vehicle that hits the ball while the other work in unison.
  2. The back swing begins the action with the components rotating around the spine so that the body is ready to trigger; it is loaded.
  3. The shoulders follow the hips’ lead in changing direction even though the arms and club may still not be in the fully loaded position and still moving back.
  4. Once they have reached the end of the backswing they change direction to follow hips and shoulders, increasing momentum to hopefully strike the ball straight and firm.
  5. The follow through is important in golf but after impact the components of the body will decelerate until the backswing is completed. It is on impact that golfers hope their bodies are at the maximum speed they can attain.

The secret of good golf is to be able to create consistency in order to produce the power required to hit the ball. That means a regular pattern which body and mind can almost ‘’see’’ as second nature. Golfers who master this are more likely to be bringing the club head down square and therefore hitting the ball straight and hopefully long. It should mean that they can identify how far they ought to hit a particular club and that obviously helps in their selection of a particular club for a particular shot.

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